Dynamics is the musical term for “volume” and refers to how loud or quiet a piece of music is played. In Western music dynamics are indicated with Italian terms such as forte or f (loud) and piano or p (quiet). “issimo” (meaning “very”) is added to create fortissimo (ff)or pianissimo (pp) in the musical score. This is sometimes taken to extremes and musicians sometimes see ffff (very very very loud) in their printed music! Dynamics are a good way of helping to create a specific mood or effect in music. You could try using dynamics in your own music, or think about how dynamics are affecting the mood of some music that you are listening to!