The clarinet is a woodwind instrument which is played using a single-reed mouthpiece. It was invented in 1690 by Johann Denner in Nuremberg in Germany.
Clarinets come in all sorts of shapes and sizes, including high pitched sopranino clarinets and larger contrabass clarinets! The tone range of the clarinet is wider than all other wind instruments, covering nearly 4 octaves. You can play almost all forms of articulation with a clarinet, including short staccato, smooth legato and vibrato.